Monday, June 30, 2008

Famous misquotations

"Elementary, my dear Watson" - Sherlock Holmes
This phrase was never uttered by the character in any of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's written works. Though "Elementary," and " dear Watson." both do appear near the beginning of The Crooked Man (1893), it is the " dear Watson" that appears first, and "Elementary" is the succinct reply to Watson's exclamation a few lines of dialogue later. This is the closest these four immortal words ever appear together in the canon.
The association of this quote with the Sherlock Holmes character likely comes from the closing lines of the 1929 film The Return of Sherlock Holmes.

640K ought to be enough for anybody." - Bill Gates

Often attributed to Gates in 1981. Gates considered the IBM PC's 640kB program memory a significant breakthrough over 8-bit systems that were typically limited to 64kB, but he has denied making this remark. "I've said some stupid things and some wrong things, but not that. No one involved in computers would ever say that a certain amount of memory is enough for all time... I keep bumping into that silly quotation attributed to me that says 640K of memory is enough. There's never a citation; the quotation just floats like a rumor, repeated again and again."

"That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." - Neil Armstrong

Possible correct quote: "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind". Some say this was due to a break in the radio transmission between the moon lander and the command module. Although Armstrong claims to have said the correct version, everyone else heard the incorrect version. Armstrong himself was later unsure of whether he left out the crucial article "a". Without saying "a man" the incorrect version is contradictory, as "man" means "mankind". The quote was pointing out that a small step for a man represented tremendous progress for all people.

"The end justifies the means" - Machiavelli

Attributed to the political theorist Niccolo Machiavelli's work The Prince. The line is actually from a book in which a fictional Machiavelli is a character.

"Friends, Romans, Countrymen, Lend me your ears." - William Shakespeare (Julius Caesar)
The quote is often attributed to Julius Caesar; it was actually said by the character Antony in the play. The next line "I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him" makes it clear that Caesar is not the speaker.

"Play it again, Sam" - Ingrid Bergman (Casablanca)
Actual quote: "Play it Sam, for old times' sake, play 'As Time Goes By'."

"The rest is science" - William Shakespeare (Hamlet)

Correct quote: "The rest is silence"

"Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar." - Sigmund Freud
This quote is often attributed to Sigmund Freud to show that even that a famous psychoanalyst can admit that not everything has a profound meaning; However, no variation of this quote ever appears in his writings. It was probably falsely attributed by a journalist, long after Freud's death.

My momma always said life was like a box of chocolates. You never know what you're gonna get." - Forrest Gump
This famous line is spoken by Tom Hanks, playing Forrest Gump in the 1994 film of the same name. However, in Winston Groom's original novel, the "box of chocolates" line is rather different: "Bein' an idiot ain't no box of chocolates." Groom reportedly dislikes the change.

"The minority is always in the right. The majority is always in the wrong." - Mark Twain
Attributed to Twain, but never sourced.

"Evil is the absence of God." - Albert Einstein

This statement has been attributed to others before Einstein; its first attribution to Einstein appears to have been in an email story that began circulating in 2004.

"I am the devil, and I have come to do the devil's work." - Charles Manson
Usually misattributed to Charles Manson, in regard to the murders at the home of Sharon Tate. Manson was not present at any of the murders known to have been committed by his followers. The actual phrase, though not as said above, was uttered by Charles "Tex" Watson to Voityck Frykowski.

"I have nothing to declare except my Genius." - Oscar Wilde
This is one of Wilde's most famous sayings, which he is supposed to have said while passing through a customs checkpoint in New York. However, there is no contemporary evidence that such words were ever uttered, and the first record of them is by Arthur Ransome in his 1912 book Oscar Wilde: A Critical Study.

"When a man sits with a pretty girl for an hour, it seems like a minute. But let him sit on a hot stove for a minute and it's longer than any hour. That's relativity." - Albert Einstein
As "quoted" by Steve Mirsky Scientific American (September 2002). Vol. 287, Iss. 3; pg. 102. This should hardly be taken as an authentication of the statement as actually Einstein's, as this is from a satirical piece, and Mirsky cites the "original source" as being a fictitious magazine.